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Author Guidelines


Authors should upload a single .pdf or .doc or .docx file containing the complete manuscript to and also send a copy to . Our journal accepts any journal format in review process. But, after the manuscript is accepted for publication, it should be prepared according to the format given below.


The order of the manuscript should be as follows: Title page, Text of paper, Appendix (if there is one), and References. The title page of the manuscript must give the title of the article, abstract, contributor names, author affiliations, the full address (including email) of the author designated to receive proofs/correspondence, keywords, and acknowledgment footnote (if there is). Type the title in all capital letters with 14 point Arial. The name of the author(s) should appear immediately under the title. Use 12 point Times New Roman for Author names. Authors' names should be centered side by side and should appear on separate lines. Details of author affiliations should be given in the footnote, denoted by an asterisk at the end of each author’s name. Use 9 point Times New Roman font for footnotes. Abstracts are required for all articles and should not exceed 250 words. Use 12 point Times New Roman for Abstract. Authors should also include 3 - 5 Keywords. Keywords must appear immediately under the abstract.

Authors are expected to use 1-inch (2.54 cm) side, top, and bottom margin for the page setting. Throughout the text, 12-point Times New Roman font with 1.5 spaces must be chosen.


All main headings must be numbered with roman numerals, and each number must be followed by a period. Omit period at the end of any heading. Main headings should be bold faced and centered. Also, main headings must be in all capital letters. Use 12-point Times New Roman font in all headings. First-level subheadings must be left justified, bold-faced, and followed by a carriage return. Second-level subheadings must be left justified, bold-faced, italic, and followed by a carriage return. Third-level subheadings must be left justified, bold-faced, underlined and followed by a carriage return. The first letters of principal words should be capitalized in all levels of subheadings.


Footnotes should be used instead of endnotes. Footnotes should be embedded and numbered consecutively. Use 9 point Times New Roman font for footnotes.


The title of the table should be given above each table. It should be centered in initial capitals and lowercase letters. Tables should be accompanied by footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using roman numerals (such as Table I, Table II etc.). Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct. Tables in appendices are to be numbered independently of those in the text: Table A.I, Table A.II, etc.


The title of a figure should be given just after it. The title of the figure should be centered in initial capitals and lowercase letters. The figures should be numbered consecutively using roman numerals (such as Figure I, Figure II etc.). Figures in appendices are to be numbered independently of those in the text: Figure A.I, Figure A.II, etc.


Equations should be typed on separate lines and numbered consecutively at the right margin, using Arabic numbers in parentheses.


Quotations must correspond exactly with the original in wording, spelling, and punctuation. Changes must be indicated: use brackets to identify insertions; use ellipsis dots (...) to show omissions. Also indicate where emphasis has been added. Only lengthy quotations (more than 50 words) should be separated from the text; such quotations must be indented at the left margin.


Citations should be made in the text by enclosing the cited authors' names and the year of the work cited in parentheses.


Several studies (Ferris & Kacmar, 1992; Malhotra & Bazerman, 2008; Morrison, 1993a, 1993b) support this conclusion.

Please note the use of alphabetical order and ampersands. Also note that two or more works by the same author (or by an identical group of authors) published in the same year are distinguished by "a," "b," etc., added after the year.

If a work has two authors, give both names every time the work is cited in the text. If a work has between three and six authors, list all authors the first time it is cited, then use "et al."


Emotional exhaustion is related to work attitudes (Cropanzano, Rupp, & Byrne, 2003). (first citation)

... exhaustion was also related to job performance (Cropanzano et al., 2003). (subsequent citation)

For more than six authors, use the "et al." form even for the first citation. But the matching reference at the end of the article should include a complete list of the authors.


Include an alphabetically ordered list of the works you have cited in your article. This list should begin on a separate page headed REFERENCES. As this is a major heading, the word “REFERENCES” should be centered, in all capital letters, and bold-faced.

References should follow hanging indentation format. Specially, the first line should be flush with the left margin. Subsequent lines should be indented.


Kostova, T., & Zaheer, S. 1999. Organizational legitimacy under conditions of complexity: the case of the multinational enterprise. Academy of Management Review, 24(1): 64-81.

Kostova, T., & Roth, K. 2002. Adoption of an organizational practice by subsidiaries of multinational corporations: institutional and relational effects. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1): 215-233.

Alphabetize references by the last name of the author (the first author) or the editor, or by the name of the corporate author (e.g., U.S. Census Bureau) or periodical (e.g., Wall Street Journal). Several works by an identical author (or group of authors) are ordered by year of publication, with the earliest listed first. If the years of publication are also the same, differentiate entries by adding small letters ("a," "b," etc.) after the years. Authors' names are repeated for each entry.

Book entries follow this form: Authors' or Editors' Last Names, Initials. Year. Title of book. (Book titles are italicized and typed in lowercase letters except for the first letter of the first word and the first word after a long dash or colon). City Where Published, State or Country (add only if needed to identify the city, and use U.S. Postal Service abbreviations for states): Name of Publisher.


Simon, H.A. 1976. Administrative behavior: a study of decision-making processes in administrative organization. New York, NY: Free Press.

Williamson, O.E. 1985. The economic institutions of capitalism. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Periodical entries follow this form: Authors' Last Names, Initials. Year. Title of article or paper (in lowercase letters except for the first letter of the first word and the first word after a long dash or colon). Name of Periodical, volume number (issue number): page numbers.


Davis, P.S., Desai, A.B., & Francis, J.D. 2000. Mode of international entry: an isomorphism perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 31(2): 239-258.

Kogut, B.M. 1985. Designing global strategies: profiting from operational flexibility. Sloan Management Review, 27(1): 27-38.

Meyer, K.E., & Estrin, S. 2002. Brownfield entry in emerging markets. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(3): 575-584.

Chapters in books follow this form: Authors' Last Names, Initials. Year. Title of chapter (in lowercase letters except for the first letter of the first word and first word after a colon). In Editors' Initials and Last Names (Eds.), Title of book: page numbers. City Where Published, State or Country (only if necessary to identify the city): Name of Publisher.


Westney, E. 1993. Institutionalization theory and the multinational corporation. In S. Ghoshal & E. Westney (Eds.), Organization theory and the multinational corporation: 53-75. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.

Unpublished papers, dissertations, and presented papers should be listed in the references using the following formats:

Ionascu, D., Meyer, K.E., & Estrin, S. 2004. Institutional distance and international business strategies in emerging economies. William Davidson Institute Working Paper Series, no. 728.

Ismihan, M. 2003. The role of politics and instability on public spending dynamics and macroeconomic performance: theory and evidence from Turkey. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.

Smarzynska, B., Wei, S.J. 2000. Corruption and the composition of foreign direct investment: firm-level evidence. NBER Working Paper No. 7969, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.

Wall, J. P. 1983. Work and nonwork correlates of the career plateau. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Dallas, TX.

A reference to an electronic document should include the author's name, if known; the full title of the document; the full title of the work it is part of, if there is one; the ftp, http, or other address; and the date the document was accessed.

To cite an article that is in press, include the publication information from the source (as much as possible). If the article has a DOI (digital object identifier) such as the Journal of Management Online First system generates, give that number at the end.


Schleicher, D., Bull, R.A., & Green, S.G. in press. Rater reactions to forced distribution rating systems. Journal of Management. doi:10.1177/0149206308318618


The appendices present lengthy but essential methodological details, such as explanations of the calculation of measures or items in a new survey instruments. Presentation should be concise but not abbreviated. Each appendix should be treated as a major heading. The title of each appendix should be typed in all capital letters, centered, and bold-faced. Multiple appendices are named with letters: APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, etc. A single appendix does not require a letter.


ISSN: 2148-3493